The Czech Republic is located in the heart of Europe and borders with Germany, Poland, Austria and Slovakia.
Its territory is nearly 78,864 square kilometers and combines historical regions of Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia regional centers of Prague, Brno and Ostrava, respectively. Capital - Prague, the largest city in the country.
Most settlements are small. Allocate more of the major city of Plzen, Ceske Budejovice, Olomouc, Ostrava and Hradec Kralove.
The landscape of the country is dominated by hills and medium-high mountains. This Ore Mountains in the northwest of the Giant Mountains and the Eagle Mountains in the North, the East Beskids, Carpathians in the Southeast, the ?umava Mountains in the South and Southwest and Bohemian Forest in the West. Czech Republic is located on the Czech-Moravian Highlands, which is the watershed between the Elbe and the Danube. Elba - aka Laba - flows through the Czech Republic. Other waterways are major Czech Vltava River (the largest river - the length of 440 km). And Morava and Dyje in Moravia.
Landscapes Czech amazing in its beauty and diversity. Wide valleys with a dense network of rivers and lakes are replaced by dense forests, hills and ridges that hold centuries of freshness and coolness stalactite caves. Woodlands are located in the mountainous part of the country, as well as in central Bohemia.
In the country there are 1351 reserve, including three large national parks with a total area 1111.2 km2. Reserves occupy almost 12% of the country. The Nature Conservancy has a long tradition in the Czech Republic, which is why many areas of the country are different ecological purity and are a popular destination for recreation and tourism. 15000 lakes and ponds, rock formations of sandstone, 2000 mineral springs, hundreds of palaces and castles, meadows and fields - all Czech Republic. The most valuable natural area protected by the state. They became national parks and reserves - nearly 12 percent of the territory. Very common dams and reservoirs which are sources of drinking water and electricity. In addition, around reservoirs located recreational areas, such as Lipno or Orlik.
Czech Republic is very rich in curative mineral waters, which led to the development of resorts. It is here that the healing springs popular European resorts - Karlovy Vary, Marianske Lazne and Franzensbad - constitute the "golden triangle of Czech health."